References and Sources

The biographical profiles in the Black Alumni Database contain transcriptions from historical sources. Where available, obituaries and articles from the Dartmouth Alumni Magazine are reproduced with direct links to the original article. The magazine has a searchable archive.

The alumni profile images include digitized images from Dartmouth Freshman Green Books, Dartmouth Aegis yearbooks, and other alumni materials located in the Rauner Special Collections Library of Dartmouth College. A full list of profile image sources is available online.

Selected General References

Antoine, Tai. Black Greens. Rauner Special Collections Library of Dartmouth College.

Baehr, James S. C. (2005). Dartmouth, Race and Slavery : The Education of John Randall Blackburn and Nathan Lord. Rauner Special Collections Library, Dartmouth.

Bartlett, Samuel Colcord. (1883). Address of President S. C. Bartlett. The American Missionary, 37, 383-385.

Bradley, Stefan M. (2015). "Black Power and the Big Green: Dartmouth College and the Black Freedom Movement, 1945-75". Journal of Civil and Human Rights, 1(1), 25-55.

Bradley, Stefan M. (2019). Upending the Ivory Tower: Civil Rights, Black Power, and the Ivy League. New York University Press. Excerpt: "Black Power at Dartmouth." Dartmouth Alumni Magazine, Nov/Dec 2018.

Brown, Richard D. (1988). "Not only extreme poverty, but the worst kind of orphanage": Lemuel Haynes and the Boundaries Of Racial Tolerance On The Yankee Frontier, 1770-1820. The New England Quarterly, 61(4), 510-518.

Brown, Samuel Gilman. (1870). An Historical Discourse Delivered Before the Alumni of Dartmouth College, July 21, 1869, One Hundred Years After the Founding of that Institution. Hanover, N.H.: Dartmouth Press.

Calloway, Colin G. (2010). The Indian History of an American Institution: Native Americans and Dartmouth: Dartmouth College Press.

Chapman, George T. (1867). Sketches of the Alumni of Dartmouth College: From the First Graduation in 1771 to the Present Time, with a Brief History of the Institution. Cambridge, Mass.: Riverside Press.

Chase, Frederick. (1891). A History of Dartmouth College and the Town of Hanover, New Hampshire. Cambridge: John Wilson and Son.

Cheek, William F., & Cheek, Aimee Lee. (1996). John Mercer Langston and the Fight for Black Freedom, 1829-65. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Contee, Clarence. (1973). History Series: Edward Jones, First Black College Graduate. The Baltimore Afro-American.

Crosby, Alpheus Benning. (1872). A Eulogy Commemorative of the Life and Character of Nathan Lord, D.D., LL. D., President of Dartmouth College Delivered before the Association of the Alumni of Dartmouth College, at the Annual Commencement, June 1872. Hanover, N.H.: J. B. Parker.

Davis, Paul Daniel. (1943). 107 Race Students Have Attended Dartmouth College. The Pittsburgh Courier, 5.

Ernest, John. (2011). A Nation Within a Nation: Organizing African-American Communities Before the Civil War. Summit, Pa.: Ivan R. Dee.

Fernald, Jody R. (2007). Slavery in New Hampshire: Profitable Godliness to Racial Consciousness. (Masters), University of New Hampshire.

Ferrin, Chester E. (1877). Rev. Alexander L. Twilight. In Abby Maria Hemenway (Ed.), The Vermont Historical Gazetteer: A Magazine, Embracing a History of Each Town, Civil, Ecclesiastical, Biographical and Military (Vol. 3, pp. 101-104). Claremont, N.H.: The Claremont Manufacturing Company.

Ford, Wally. (1968). "The Black Student at Dartmouth." Dartmouth Alumni Magazine, June 1968, 20-23.

Grant, Conor. (Mar 2014). Revisiting Middlebury's Racial History. The Middlebury Campus, 112, 5.

Hall, Raymond L. (1986). A Reaffirmation of Mission: The Saga of the Black Experience at Dartmouth. Dartmouth Alumni Magazine 79(3), 35-41.

Irvine, Russell W, & Dunkerton, Donna Zani. (1998). The Noyes Academy, 1834-35: The Road to the Oberlin Collegiate Institute and the Higher education of African-Americans in the Nineteenth Century. Western Journal of Black Studies, 22(4), 260-276.

James, Winston. (2010). The Struggles of John Brown Russwurm: The Life and Writings of a Pan-Africanist Pioneer, 1799-1851. New York: NYU Press.

JBHE Chronology of Major Landmarks in the Progress of African Americans in Higher Education. (Autumn 2006). The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 53, 77-88.

John Newton Templeton, Negro Eloquence. Scioto Gazette, 22 July 1929.

Koren, Ore. (2010). Student Dissidence in theĀ 1820s. Dartmouth 1820s-1850s.

Lee, Forrester A., and James S. Pringle. (2018). A Noble and Independent Course: The Life of the Reverend Edward Mitchell. Hanover, NH: Dartmouth College Press.

Lest We Forget - Dartmouth Slavery Project. (2014).

Lord, John King, & Chase, Frederick. (1913). A History of Dartmouth College, 1815-1909. Concord, N. H.: The Rumford Press.

Moncure, Jr., Albert F. and Ronald V. Neale. (1975). "Before the Revolution." Dartmouth Alumni Magazine:20-23.

Nell, William Cooper. (1855). The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution: With Sketches of Several Distinguished Colored Persons: to which is Added a Brief Survey of the Condition and Prospects of Colored Americans. Boston: Robert F. Wallcut.

Nichols, Richard M. (1976). The Black Middle Class and the Black Dartmouth Graduate. Senior Fellowship Essay. Rauner Special Collections Library, Dartmouth College.

Njoh, Joseph N. (2018). Dr. Samuel Ford McGill, M.D., and the McGill Family. In The Beginning and Growth of Modern Medicine in Liberia & The Founding of the John F. Kennedy Medical Center, Liberia (pp. 388). Nigeria: Panaf Publishing, Inc.

Okwu, Julian. (1999). "As We See It: Dartmouth through the lens of African-American alumni." Dartmouth Alumni Magazine June:27-33.

Presidents of Dartmouth, Northwestern, Yale and Harvard. (Aug 1831). The Northern College and the Negro Student. The Crisis, 40(3), 263-264.

Putnam, Constance E. (2004). The Science We Have Loved and Taught: Dartmouth Medical School's First Two Centuries. University Press of New England.

Slater, Robert Bruce. (1994). The Blacks Who First Entered the World of White Higher Education. Journal of Blacks in Higher Education(4), 47-56.

Smith, Baxter Perry. (1878). The History of Dartmouth College. Boston: Boston, Houghton, Osgood and Company.

Traynham, Warner R. (1975). "Black in the White Academy." Dartmouth Alumni Magazine, May 1975, 19-20.

Wells, Robert E. (2010). Sport and the Talented Tenth: African American Athletes in the Colleges and Universities of the Northeast, 1879-1920. Bloomington, IN, iUniverse Press.

White, Derrick E. Black Sporting Experience at Dartmouth.

Wilder, Craig Steven. (2013). Ebony and Ivy: Race, Slavery, and the Troubled History of America's Universities. USA: Bloomsbury Press.

Zug, James. (Jan 2007). The Slaves of Dartmouth. Dartmouth Alumni Magazine, 99(3), 40-45,100.